With the course of regional autonomy, regional governments hold a full responsibility of planning strategies to solve problems of Food Insecurity. Regional autonomy demands that a regional government maximize the available potencies and resources by taking advantage of progresses in science and technology. Therefore, regional development policies highly depend on it and, in turn, will be adjusted to the characteristics of each region. The visualization of regional Food security is one way to collect accurate and guided data and information. In this regard, Food Tenacity Mapping is one main project to obtain clear and easy information about Food security in East Java. Geographic Information System (GIS) is a tool that is frequently applied in alleviating Food security mapping in various places on earth.
This research is aiming at mapping Food security in four regencies in East Java, namely, Malang Regency, Kediri Regency, Situbondo Regency and Pamekasan Regency. The data employed in this research is secondary data obtained from the Central Bureau of Statistics, the Office of Agriculture, and several other relevant institutions. Then, the data is analyzed descriptively through quantitative approach.
In this research, Food security is determined based on three aspects of broad categories: (1) food availability, (2) food accessibility, and (3) healthiness and nutrient. From the three aspects, ten indicators of food tenacity are generated.
The result shows that Malang Regency falls into the category ‘secure enough’ with the handling priority number 4. The indicator shows that food vulnerability in Malang Regency is due to the minimum access of clean water, poor electricity distribution, and the large number of poor households. Kediri Regency falls into the category ‘secure’. Situbondo Regency is categorized as a region which is ‘secure enough’ with the handling priority number 4. The indicator shows that the cause of food vulnerability in Situbondo Regency is the large number of poor households, poor electricity distribution, and the relatively low life expectancy. Pamekasan Regency falls into two categories: ‘secure enough’ and ‘insecure enough’. It is indicated that the main factor of food vulnerability in Pamekasan is the low food availability, the large number of poor households, poor electricity distribution, and the large number of illiterate women.
The research proves that food tenacity map is an effective tool applied as a progress monitor in the development of food security. For, with the food tenacity map, policy makers can obtain quick and accurate information about the regional condition of food and have a major reference for the priority of food security improvement in East Java. Thus, it is expected that his security map can be utilized well in various regencies in Indonesia.
- Rudy Rahadian, Students of Agribusiness Program,Brawijaya University
- Dr.Ir.Nuhfil Hanani, MS , Lecturer of Agribusiness program Brawijaya University, Food Security Expert
- Rosihan Asmara, SE, MP , Lecturer of Agribusiness Program Brawijaya University, Food Security Mapping Expert